Artificial Intelligence - Key Points
- Intelligent behavior can be taken as an outward sign of a conscious being. It is thought
that the phenomenon of consciousness itself is some kind of emergent property of complex
- We can operationally define an `intelligent' machine by its ability to pass the Turing
- A computer can be said to have passed this test if a human questioner is unable to
determine from repeated questions of any kind, whether he or she is talking to another
person or a machine.
- A counter argument, which usually goes under the name of the Chinese room experiment
attempts to prove that passing the Turing test is not a fair measure of whether a machine
is truly intelligent.
- This may not apply to neural networks since they are not `rule-based systems'.
- Attempts to build self-organizing networks have met with some success.
- These use a `competitive' process to set up the network connections. They can, in
principle, tackle a much wider range of problem than Perceptron or Hopfield models
- The prospects for the future look fascinating!
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