| HERBS :
Ephedra or Ma Huang :
A nervous system stimulant that is considered a bronchial dilator and decongestant. Has
been used for depression and weight loss.
Ginkgo biloba :
Studied extensively in Europe for its ability to increase oxygen and blood flow to the
brain. Has been linked to improvements in memory and mental alertness.
An adaptogen that aids the body in dealing with stress, weakness and fatigue. Also thought
to improve memory, concentration and learning.
Known mainly for it's antibiotic effects, Goldenseal is also a powerful body cleanser.
Gotu Kola :
Rebuilds energy reserves and increases mental and physical powers.
Long known for its remarkable sedating powers, hops has long been used by insomniacs and
those who suffer from anxiety.
Kava Kava :
Aids in relieving mental and physical stress without affecting cognitive performance.
Passion Flower :
An herb with a gentle sedative-like effect that has been used to treat hyperactive
children, insomniacs and people under stress.
Helps to increase energy and protects the body against stress.
A gentle sedative which helps promote restful sleep and alleviate anxiety.
Valerian Root :
Used by many for its tranquilizing effects without any sluggish after-effects. Valerian is
found in many European over-the-counter sleep aids.
B Complex Vitamins:
The B vitamins work together to do a great many things for the body, including the
maintenance of nerve cells. There have been studies which show that Alzheimer's patients
lack B-Complex vitamins. It has also been shown that when taking specific B Vitamins, one
should also take a B-Complex Vitamin. Many stress-complex vitamins contain a combination
of B-complex and vitamin C
B1 ( Thiamin ) :
Known for its effects on mental attitude and the nervous system. Studies have shown that
this water soluble B Vitamin helped increase the learning capacity of children, as well as
lessen the severity of certain symptoms in psychiatric patients, including manic
Niacin ( B3 ) :
Has been shown in tests to improve memory.
Pantothenic Acid ( B5 ) :
Important for the conversion of choline into acetylcholine. Helpful in improving the body's ability to deal
B6 ( Pyridoxine ) :
Promotes mental capabilities by assisting in the transport of amino acids to the brain,
where they are used to manufacture neurotransmitters.
B12 ( Cobalimin ) :
Necessary for normal metabolism of nerve tissue. Helps with energy and memory.
A building-block of acetylcholine, Choline plays a part in
the transmission of nerve impulses. Without choline, brain and nerve function are
impaired. Choline is able to penetrate the blood-brain barrier, which ordinarily protects
the brain against variations in the daily diet.
A hormone secreted by the pineal gland. People who take melatonin claim it is an aid for
falling asleep and also for avoiding jet lag.
DHEA (dehydroepiandrosterone) :
is a hormone produced by the adrenal glands, which the body converts it into testosterone
or estrogen. As an individual grows older he/she produces less---shown promise in the area
of memory enhancement.
Pregnenolone is a hormone produced in our bodies from cholesterol. It is a precursor to
DHEA and progesterone. Pregnenolone has been linked to stress and fatigue reduction. It
has also been found to inhibit GABA receptors, thus increasing mental alertness.
Pregnenolone is also thought to stimulate NMDA (N-methyl-D-aspartate) receptors which play
a part in memory and learning by regulating synapses.
NEUROTRANSMITTERS and AMINO ACIDS
5-hydroxy L-tryptophan :
5-hydroxy L-tryptophan (5-HTP), is normally converted in the body from Tryptophan (found
in food, like turkey). 5-HTP is converted to serotonin, which is then converted into
melatonin. Historically Tryptophan itself was taken as a sleeping aid and immune system
booster, however since it is no longer available, people now use 5-HTP.
Please note: those on Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors (SSRIs) (i.e. Prozac
and other drugs) should not take 5-HTP.
Pyroglutamate Acid :
An amino acid shown to improve learning.
An amino acid that acts as an inhibitory neurotransmitter. Helps promote sleep and
Glutamine passes easily from the bloodstream into the brain, where it is then converted to
Glutamic Acid. This conversion rids the brain of ammonia, an inhibitor of higher brain
Glutamic Acid :
A neurotransmitter that is used by the brain as fuel. Glutamic Acid increases the firing
of neurons and is a pre-cursor of GABA.
Tyrosine is a precursor of norepinephrine and dopamine, two neurotransmitters
responsible for regulating depression and mood levels.
Acetyl L Carnitine transports fats to the body's cell's mitochondria, where they are
converted to energy. In this way it helps to reduce unnecessary fat deposits in the
brain's nerve cells, thus increasing mental capabilities.
A phospholipid found in membranes of brain cells. Thought to increase neurotransmitter activities, dopamine
release and acetylcholine release.
An amino acid shown to elevate mood, and which also aids in learning and memory. In the
body it may be converted into Tyrosine.
Norepinephrine is a neurotransmitter synthesized by the
amino acids L-phenylalanine and L-tyrosine, along with vitamins B6, C, niacin and others. It controls the release of endocrine hormones which
regulate sex and metabolism. Norepinephrine is also involved in sleep patterns, learning
Like norepinephrine, dopamine is a neurotransmitter
synthesized from the amino acids L-phenylalanine and L-tyrosine. It stimulates the
pituitary gland to produce a hormone which burns fat and builds muscle. Depression has
been linked to low levels of dopamine while schizophrenia has been linked to excess
Serotonin is a neurotransmitter synthesized from
L-tryptophan, and is a pre-cursor to the hormone melatonin.
Serotonin plays a major role in regulating sleep, blood clotting, and alleviating
depression. Many anti-depressant medications, such as Prozac, Paxil and Effexor, affect
A neurotransmitter synthesized in the body by choline, lecithin, DMAE and vitamin co-factors such as C
and B6. It is important in the role of behavior and memory; low levels
of acetylcholine may result in forgetfulness. It is the most abundant neurotransmitter in
the body and controls the release of the hormone vasopressin.
CoEnzyme Q10 :
Aids the brain in producing ATP, which is the body's molecule for the storage and release
A derivative of the B vitamin niacin, NADH is coenzyme that plays a
major part in energy production in cells. It is a reduced form of NAD (nicotinamide
adenine dinucleotide) containing high energy hydrogen. NADH stimulates the production of
such neurotransmitters as L-dopa, dopamine,
serotonin and norepinephrine.
DMAE (dimethylaminoethanol) :
Occurring naturally in fish, DMAE is often given credit for having a mild stimulant effect
without the quick up and down which comes from caffeine and other stimulants. It is also
able to elevate mood and improve memory and learning. People who have taken DMAE for a
period of a few weeks often report an increase in physical energy and less of a need for
sleep. DMAE also increases the brain's production of acetylcholine.
A type of lipid, Lecithin is a natural component of the sheath that protects the brain.
Free Radicals :
A free radical is a compound or molecule fragment that has one or more unpaired electrons
in its makeup. Unpaired electrons cause these fragments to be very reactive, as their
natural state is to have an even number of electrons. The free radical can cause a
reaction in which it strips another compound of one of its electrons; then that other
compound can become a free radical and perpetuate the process. One free radical can damage
a million or more molecules in this self-perpetuating process.
Neurotransmitters are chemical messengers that nerve cells use to communicate with each
other across the tiny gaps between nerve cells (called synapses).
A synapse is the tiny gap between two connecting nerve cells. Neurotransmitters are
chemicals that can travel across these gaps.